LDAP linux configuration and install from source

Hi, if you want to configure LDAP (OpenLDAP) properly and you have never done it, I advise you to read a lot of

LDAP tree

LDAP tree

nonsense out there that people write on blogs like mine, before actually trying. After reading a lot of that the you can try, and let me tell you a secret, the best documentation is the one that they provide on their own website, just that sometimes that one is a bit complex to understand.

Well fist the fist, my LDAP version 2.4 never worked installing from repositories on Debian 7. How unable am I or how silly… I don’t know. Bot it did not work as it use to do with earlier versions. I was unable to set the user, password, domain and those initial things using the installer package.deb and dpkg-reconfigure. So I decided immediately that if I am losing the power of having a repository because of this nonsense, then I do not need them any more. I am going to compile the package myself from source. I tried so… but I struggled with the ./configure options. I could not fins the proper ones. and this error report thread gave me the clue to be able to follow the LDAP manual.

After reading this manual I ended up with a file that contains this:

[email protected]:~# cat base.ldif
 # example config file - global configuration entry
 dn: cn=config
 objectClass: olcGlobal
 cn: config
 # olcReferral: ldap://root.openldap.org
# internal schema
 dn: cn=schema,cn=config
 objectClass: olcSchemaConfig
 cn: schema
# include the core schema
 include: file:///usr/local/etc/openldap/schema/core.ldif
# global database parameters
 dn: olcDatabase=frontend,cn=config
 objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
 olcDatabase: frontend
 olcAccess: to * by * read
# set a rootpw for the config database so we can bind.
 # deny access to everyone else.
 dn: olcDatabase=config,cn=config
 objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
 olcDatabase: config
 olcRootPW: {SSHA}EQpw7T2x2Num+krwRjq/ZYczmRgaX1Km
 olcAccess: to * by * none
# BDB definition for example.com
 dn: olcDatabase=bdb,cn=config
 objectClass: olcDatabaseConfig
 objectClass: olcHdbConfig
 olcDatabase: hdb
 olcSuffix: dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw
 olcDbDirectory: /var/lib/ldap-database
 olcRootDN: cn=Manager,dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw
 olcRootPW: {SSHA}teY3/6WO7uoGrCmaDu9NKmvgn87WlCCw
 olcDbIndex: uid pres,eq
 olcDbIndex: cn,sn pres,eq,approx,sub
 olcDbIndex: objectClass eq
 olcAccess: to attrs=userPassword
 by self write
 by anonymous auth
 by dn.base="cn=Admin,dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw" write
 by * none
 olcAccess: to *
 by self write
 by dn.base="cn=Admin,dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw" write
 by * read
 [email protected]:~#

Nice, but now I needed to run the file and there is when the LDAP commands are helpful. you should-must read out there about them, but I am just going to put the one I used:

[email protected]:~# ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -vn -f base.ldif
 add objectClass:
 olcGlobal
 add cn:
 config
 !adding new entry "cn=config"
add objectClass:
 olcSchemaConfig
 add cn:
 schema
 !adding new entry "cn=schema,cn=config"
add objectClass:
 olcSchemaConfig
 add cn:
 core
 add olcAttributeTypes:
 ( 2.5.4.2 NAME 'knowledgeInformation' DESC 'RFC2256: knowledge information' EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{32768} )
 ( 2.5.4.4 NAME
(...)
add olcDbDirectory:
 /var/lib/ldap-database
 add olcRootDN:
 cn=Manager,dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw
 add olcRootPW:
 {SSHA}teY3/6WO7uoGrCmaDu9NKmvgn87WlCCw
 add olcDbIndex:
 uid pres,eq
 cn,sn pres,eq,approx,sub
 objectClass eq
 add olcAccess:
 to attrs=userPassword by self write by anonymous auth by dn.base="cn=Admin,dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw" write by * none
 to * by self write by dn.base="cn=Admin,dc=helpdesk,dc=co,dc=bw" write by * read
 !adding new entry "olcDatabase=bdb,cn=config"

[email protected]:~#

The other thing pending is to start say to your LDAP to start using the slapd.d.  Make sure to launch slapd(8) with the -F option to specify the configuration directory if you are not using the default directory path.

[email protected]:~# /path/to/slapd -F /path/to/slapd.d

If it worked for you that’s perfect, if it did not please check it again and otherwise post your problem, maybe I can help you.

Cheers

 

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